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Interview Techniques - I
Procedure being followed -

• The interview of candidate is generally taken after the written test is over. Some candidates are called from the ground when undergoing GTO’s test and other are called in the after noon.

• Enter the room, say – “May I come in, Sir?” (Reply-come in). Stand near the chair and say “Good afternoon/evening, Sir” (reply-take your seat). Say “Thank you, Sir” and occupy the chair. Do not be stiff. Be natural and sit comfortably.

• When the interview is over, get up and give a slight courteous bow and say, “good day, Sir” and leave the room, without disturbing the chair. If he offers his hand, shake it warmly and say “Thank you Good day, Sir”.
• Requirement of qualities –

The Interview depicts candidates’ power of expression, initiative, drive, tact, alertness and self confidence. The IO judges whether a candidate has the quality of critical appreciation, clear / logical exposition, balanced judgment, ability for social cohesion, leadership qualities, moral integrity and social adaptability in particular, besides his OLQ.

• The candidate should exert to bring out his qualities and talent before the IO. The candidate should be straightforward, have the clarity in his response. Whatever the candidate says should match with his traits of personality.

• Your optimistic approach and the level of confidence will definitely fetch you a desired result.

• Organizing – The main function of a leader is to plan and organize the human and material resources ably. This ability includes not only his making the best use of available resources, but also to combine ideas and create a new one to meet the challenge of the problem at hand.
  What is expected of him? -

• The interview is not a question and answer session. Through forceful projection of himself, a candidate must reveal his very best and most accurate aspects, to enable the IO to assess him of OLQ.

• During the interview, hear the questions carefully. Do not answer in haste. If you do not understand a question or are in doubt about it, have it clarified by asking –“I beg your pardon, Sir”. You speech should be natural/frank/clear/confident. Do not speak too loud, but be audible. Your answers should be brief and to the point. Do not talk too much. Restrict your answer within the limits of the subject.

• Do not fiddle with any part of your body. Do not try to bluff the IO. When you do not know the answer to a question frankly admit that. When the IO asks you any questions which you consider foolish, do not get upset. Give your answers courteously.
  Test of patience -

• The IO, when puts the problems or the critical situations and wants to know his reactions, efforts, resourcefulness and mental drive, he should respond with cool mind and try his best with natural, practical and possible solution of the problem or his tangible efforts to tackle with the situations. The IO will some time keep on driving him to check up his mental stamina and stability of the mind. He should be mentally strong enough to face such situations.

• He should not show his tiredness or frustration under any circumstances. It is advisable that the candidate should keep on continuing his answers so far he can do. He should keep in his mind that every problem has the solution. • If he tries to anger or provoke you, do not lose your temper or get excited, because he is only testing your nerve and your capacity for patience. You must remain cool minded.

• The candidate should know that most of the task in the armed forces are carried out under stress with time limit mainly during the operations and the wards.
  Nervousness –

It is observed that the candidate generally feels nervousness before he enters the interviewing hall. It is a natural phenomenon that everybody feels nervousness while going to face an interview, which is a deciding factor for his selection for the job for which the candidate is the aspirant. But the candidate should know the nervousness is a major shortcoming in a man specially in a person who is being tested for an officer in Armed forces. Furthermore the nervous candidate loses half of the battle automatically. He can not show his netter performance. It is therefore advised that the candidate has to console his mind that the nervousness will not pay anything to him. However the boldness and naturality will only be helpful to make the interview creditable.

• Do not show a gloomy look on your face while you are being interviewed. Always have a smiling face.

• Being your normal self even during a stress interview and answering the questions with clarity, forcefulness assertiveness and imagination is what most interviewers expect from you. Any show off without substance is bound to fail.
  Confusing –

Candidates sometimes do not clearly grasp the complexity of the question by viewing simply at its surface and getting mixed up or going off the target. For Ex: If you are asked a question on present Electoral Reforms, you concentrate first on evils in the system and then suggest means to overcome. Do not shift your ground while answering, it may give an impression that you are a person of vacillating tendency, who shifts his position or trend of thought and decision. 
  Controversial matters –

• It is best to avoid firm expression on total disagreement with the interviewer. Make sure you are not too assertive or too dogmatic. Express your views in a modest manner. You should remain cool, defend your point of view in a agreeable manner and be willing to acknowledge justification for opposing views without conceding or accepting them.

• In case of question is asked to you on any problem, give reply first mentioning the origin on the problem, then
 development of the problem, then the present state of the problem and finally your solution. •

• You should not speak to person, while waiting for interview, who have come out of interview. You may loose confidence, instead recollect all your thoughts.

• Do not chew gem or pan or anything else as some candidates tend to do so. It creates an impression of casualness.

• Do not carry unnecessary diaries, too many pens, a heavy purse, your pockets should not bulge.

• Most of the questions asked in the interviews are the fall out of what you have answered to the earlier questions. Therefore, you must think before your answer any question. You are not going to get extra marks for responding quickly.
  General knowledge/current affairs

• The IO expects you to be aware of the pulse of your surroundings. In this context, the following tips might help you in the preparation for the interview:

• Brush up your general knowledge on both national as well as international events. For this, you must go through magazines, newspapers, periodicals etc. Concentrate on getting an insight into the events that were in news in the last six months.

• The effort should be to try and fathom all events that have been in news.

• For example: (1) If the imposition of the President’s rule in a country was in new, then you should know the constitutional provisions of the country, previous instances when the provision was used, arguments for and against the provision and your own views on it. (2) Similarly if terrorism in J&K has been in news, they you should have definite views on the genesis, history and development of terrorism in that state and also on cross border terrorism. Your views should be formulated based on facts and not assumptions. (3) If the crash of stock market was in news, then you can expect questions on the dynamics of the stock market, reasons for the crash, role of regulatory bodies and corrective measures that need to be taken.

• An in-depth knowledge of the following topics might help you crack an interview:- Your home town / your state / Events that have a direct/indirect link to either your field of study/specialization or your profession / Events that have been in the news in recent past / Recent controversies that have generated hype / political debate and issues / Burning national issues like population, poverty, development programmes, education, disinvestments and privatization, world trade talks, terrorism, insurgency and extremism / International events in news like – war in Iraq, role of US, UN etc., the Middle East crisis, Afghan War, Taliban and Al-Qaida, future of the UN / Economic issues (both national and international) like growth of Indian Economy, the issue of disinvestment, FDI,WTO meet and Cancun Trade Talks etc.,

• A word of caution: Your views must be based on correct facts as any incorrect statement might put you in an embarrassing situation.
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